Canada Day is the federal statutory holiday in Canada. It celebrates the anniversary of Canadian Confederation which occurred on July 1, 1867. On this day in 1867 four separate colonies Upper Canada, Lower Canada, Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick are united into a single Dominion called Canada.

Originally Canada Day known as Dominion Day, In 1982 this holiday was renamed as Canada Day.

Canada Day is observed on July 1, unless that date falls on a Sunday, in which case July 2 is the statutory holiday. Celebratory events will generally still take place on July 1, even though it is not the legal holiday. If it falls on a weekend, businesses normally closed that day usually dedicate the following Monday as a day off.

On Canada Day celebrated as parades, carnivals, festivals, barbecues, air and maritime shows, fireworks, and free musical concerts, as well as citizenship ceremonies. There is no standard mode of celebration for Canada Day.

When is Canada Day ?

  • Canada Day in 2023 was on Saturday, 01-July, 2023.
  • Canada Day in 2022 was on Friday, 01-July, 2022.

Check all the historical dates for Canada Day in below table.
Canada Day
2023Saturday, 01-Jul-2023
2022Friday, 01-Jul-2022
2021Thursday, 01-Jul-2021
2020Wednesday, 01-Jul-2020
2019Monday, 01-Jul-2019
2018Monday, 02-Jul-2018

Timeline of Canada Day

July 1, 1867 The British North America Act (today known as the Constitution Act, 1867) created Canada.
June 20, 1868 Governor General Lord Monck signs a proclamation that requests all Her Majesty’s subjects across Canada to celebrate July 1.
1879 A federal law makes July 1 a statutory holiday as the “anniversary of Confederation,” which is later called “Dominion Day.”
October 27, 1982July 1, “Dominion Day” officially becomes Canada Day.
Main Events Celebration on Canada Day –
  • July 1, 1917 – The 50th anniversary of Confederation. The Parliament buildings, under construction, are dedicated to the Fathers of Confederation and to the courage of Canadians who fought in Europe during the First World War.
  • July 1, 1927 – The 60th anniversary of Confederation. The Peace Tower Carillon is inaugurated. The Governor General at the time, Viscount Willingdon, lays the cornerstone of the Confederation Building on Wellington Street.
  • July 1, 1967 – The 100th anniversary of Confederation. Parliament Hill is the backdrop for a high-profile ceremony, which includes the participation of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II.
  • 1981 – Fireworks light up the sky in 15 major Canadian cities, a tradition that continues today.
  • 1984 -The National Capital Commission (NCC) is given the mandate to organize Canada Day festivities in the capital.
  • 2010 -Festivities on Parliament Hill receive a royal treatment when Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II and His Royal Highness the Duke of Edinburgh join the festivities to celebrate Canada’s 143rd anniversary.
  • 2011 -Their Royal Highnesses Prince William and Catherine, the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge, participate in Canada Day festivities on Parliament Hill on the occasion of Canada’s 144th anniversary.
  • 2017 – A wide range of activities from coast-to-coast-to-coast are held to mark the 150th Anniversary of Confederation. Attending Canada Day for the first time, The Prince of Wales and The Duchess of Cornwall join in the festivities on Parliament Hill to mark this milestone anniversary with Canadians.

Reference :

Wikipdia : Canada Day.

Reference :

Canada Govt.